It is important to get more information on prostate cancer, its main risk factors, its symptoms and stages and also know more on its treatment procedure. This information is vital when you will be seeking medical treatment because you will be able to make informed decision in consultation with your doctor. It is highly recommended that you should make regular medical checks with your doctor especially if you have a risk of developing prostate cancer. The risks factors include ethnic groups; the cancer largely affects males from the black ethnic community even though it also affects other races, it is common in blacks because of the high levels of testosterones in them. Age is another risk factor as it affects men from the ages of 50 years and above. Family history, this is in cases where you have family members that have developed prostate cancer.
The Stages: Once the patient has been found to be having prostate cancer, the doctors will determine the progression of the disease and this is measured in stages and in how the cancerous cells have developed. As the cancer develops, the cells will grow and affect the surrounding organs around the gland. They use a grading system commonly known as Gleason score, which measures between 2-10, meaning that when you have a lower score then you have a lower chance of the cancer spreading to other organs and that shows that it is still in its early stages. Another way of determining the stage is by using tumor, nodes, metastasis (TMN) system, this is will show if the tumor has increased, if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and lastly if it has affected other organs surrounding the gland.
Stage 1: The cancer is still restricted within the prostate glands and the tumor will not be easily detected even if the doctor undertakes a rectal examination. The score will be relatively low and there will be no symptoms at this stage.
Stage 2: At this stage the cancer is still limited within the prostrate even though it has grown in size. The score is between 2 and 3 and the doctor will use prostate specific antigen blood test to determine the progression.
Stage 3: The cancerous cells are fast growing but have not affected the other organs. The Gleason score is between 4 to 6. The glands affected at this stage are the seminal gland that is responsible for the production of semen.
Stage 4: At this stage the cancer has spread and affected other major organs located around the prostate glands. They include lymph node, pancreas, lungs and kidneys. The score is as high as between 8-10 and the symptoms have started to manifest. Understanding the stages is important so that your doctor may know the type of treatment plans to undertake.
No related posts.