Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects men. Its risk factors are varied and it is important to be well informed about the disease. They include the age; this cancer majorly affects men of the age of 50 years and above. Family history is also a risky factor as it has been passed through the genes; ensure that you know your family history well so that you are safe. Men from black ethnic groups are the most affected by this type of cancer and although its causes have not been fully discovered by experts. You are advised to seek information through the awareness programs done by the Cancer society groups so that you have some knowledge about the disease.
Early detection: The main purpose of the prostate cancer awareness programs is on the need for people to get checked and tested for early detection of the cancer because it increases your survival rates. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is the common way of screening patients as it is the best way for early detection. Rectal examination is also done to check the size of the prostate gland. It doesn’t mean that when your prostate gland is big then you have the cancer, the medical tests are best way of confirming because some men with smaller prostate glands have also been discovered to be having the cancer.
Symptoms: This will vary with the stage of the cancer, during the early stages the symptoms are not easily noticed because the cancerous cells are not spread to other body organs. The prostate gland is situated near the bladder and when it begins to enlarge it starts to press on the bladder and the man will experience difficult in urination which include frequent urination, blood in the urine or semen, painful urination and reduced flow of urine. Erection problems and discomfort on the thighs.
Prostate Cancer Stages and Treatments : Prostate cancer prognosis shows the outcome of the disease and this can be discussed in stages and in stages one to three the prostate glands has shown little growth and at this stage the survival rate is almost 100 percent. When it gets to stage four the cancerous cells have developed and spread on other body organs. Health experts’ advice that you should go for regular medical routine checks so the cancer can be detected early and your survival rate increased. The mortality rate for prostate cancer has reduced because many men are now becoming aware of the disease and are gathering information and taking charge of their lives. The treatments available vary; they include radiation, hormone therapy and surgery.
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